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Sheela Clary
Students in Corey Heath's carpentry class at Lee High School: From left: Mateo Machado, Patrick Parmalee, Chase Thomas and Antony Delsoldato.

Vocational education making a comeback: Carpentry in the classroom

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By Thursday, Apr 26, 2018 Learning 8

Great Barrington — According to an alarming video shown during education expert Bill Daggett’s talk at the Mahaiwe Performing Arts Center on April 24th, houses will one day be built by robots. But until “one day” arrives — one, 10, 30 or 50 years down the road — we’re still building an awful lot of homes here the old-fashioned way, and the average carpenter is not getting any younger. In fact, for every skilled tradesman entering the U.S. workforce, there are five retiring. In Berkshire County, construction accounts for 7 percent of all jobs. (US Census, American Community Survey, 2012-2016)

Monument Mountain Regional High School woodworking teacher John Hartcorn displays a student-made product. Photo: Sheela Clary

There are many reasons why young people aren’t going into carpentry in greater numbers, among them the push in public education toward college for all, and an enduring stigma associated with what used to be called vocational, and is now called “career and technical,” education. But locally there are at least two programs beginning, perhaps, to change that.

John Hartcorn started out his career as a rock and roller, then became a furniture maker, and is now in his third year as the part-time woodworking teacher at Monument Mountain Regional High School. He likes the art of the work.

“Wood tech” is the term he uses for his three elective classes, which, this year, total 33 students — about 12 per class — from all four grades. Between his first and second years, his roster went from 21 to 53 students (“That,” he said, “was tough to manage.”). Hartcorn sees students for one period each class, though he says the custodians who attended Monument recall having double, or even triple, periods in the wood shop. He has at least one serious junior who’s already lined up a summer job in the building trades and wants to make it his life work.

A pen made by a student in Monument Mountain Regional High School’s woodworking class. Photo: Sheela Clary

The kids all start off with the same assignment: to use rough lumber to make a little box. They learn how to use the machines to cut their pieces to size, join them, plane them, make the joints, make floating panels. “There’s an awful lot in that one little box,” Hartcorn says. After a while, they understand the process and, from there, he teaches them drafting so they can begin to design their own projects. What sort of projects? “This year we got a lot of desks.” There’s also one fancy vanity, a dog house and baseball bats turned on the lathe. Wooden pens, also turned on the lathe, have become a very popular product.

In fact, as we talked, we were interrupted by a particularly devoted student, who has trouble staying still. He was hoping to make some pens, which he sells for $20 (He’s sold quite a few.). “He saw this one thing, turning on a lathe, and that caught his interest. He found a focus. I’m not here for so much a vocational thing as I am helping kids find a focus. That’s as important as anything.”

Two of Hartcorn’s most successful graduates may never work with wood in their careers, but they did beautiful work in his classes and he’s certain they learned a host of skills applicable to the work world. Most importantly: “They learned a lot about themselves….It’s all about problem-solving. I make sure they understand that failure is a part of this program.” Among his future goals for coming years is the revival of a dedicated drafting and design class, and to teach an Autocad component.

Lee High School woodworking and carpentry teacher Corey Heath with a garden shed project. Photo: Sheela Clary

At Lee High School, woodworking and carpentry teacher Corey Heath graduated himself, in 1990, from the program he’s now been hired to run. His teacher back then was John Reilley. In that program Heath built two houses, each about 1,500 square feet, both still standing, one on Prospect Street and one on Mountain View Terrace. After graduation, he went right to work for Joe Bartini and worked in the field until taking up the teaching job.

Heath will soon be winding up the first year of the carpentry program’s rejuvenation, after an eight-year hiatus, supported by a renewable Perkins grant.

Reilley’s original program was eliminated due to budget cuts and the closing of the Southern Berkshire Educational Collaborative, according to Lee High’s principal, Gregg Brighenti. He says, of the community impetus to get it back up and running, “The lack of vocational courses available to our students since the end of the old house-carpentry program was definitely recognized as an issue.” In addition to the grant, local businesses have come forward to donate materials, for which Brighenti is grateful.

Heath has started out with four freshmen, and his goal is to build the program into all four grades and to provide graduating students with a state-recognized certificate that will put them ahead in the industry. This year kids are working indoors, but he hopes to get them outside in junior and senior years, when they could be working on much more advanced projects like home additions.

Woodworking class is a requirement for for eighth-graders and, in ninth grade, becomes an elective. The focus in those classes is similar to that of Monument’s, with students, once they learn the basics, able to pursue their own projects like Adirondack chairs, attractive end tables and coffee tables, bird houses or boxes.

Adirondack chairs made by woodworking students at Lee High School. Photo: Sheela Clary

I observed the first period of Heath’s daily two-period carpentry, with three freshmen boys and one sophomore boy, who immediately put on work goggles and hard hats and went to the project at hand with minimal instruction, cutting out a hole from the wall of the garden shed they’ve been working on (The shed has already been purchased by a retired teacher.).

The four boys took turns (carefully) with the screw and nail guns, the level and the jigsaw. They offered each other reminders and guidance. After this step, they will be able to install the windows, interior walls and flooring, but no one under 18 is allowed to work on roofs, which will be have to be assembled separately and attached by adults.

Lee, like Monument, is a comprehensive high school, meaning academics and a few career and tech classes are all offered under one roof, though academics are emphasized. This would contrast with, say, the Tri-County Regional Vocational Technical High School in Franklin, which offers 12 different non-academic career paths like cosmetology, construction, transportation and manufacturing.

Chase Thomas, the sophomore, said, “This class is really fun.” He intends to join the Army out of high school and sees carpentry as work he’ll turn to in retirement. And as Heath says, “It’s a skill they’ll put to use for the rest of their lives.”

In September, the Lee students took a 10-hour online Occupational Safety and Health Administration course, which they all passed. The worst-case scenario photos of fingers and skulls nail-gunned were, Heath says, effective in creating a serious atmosphere in the shop. Students then focus on book work, using a study guide for each tool, and take quizzes on each tool. The course is aligned with state standards, just like any core academic class.

To date, students have built, among other things, picnic tables for the school’s outdoor eating area and benches for the softball fields, as well as several of the sheds.

Anthony Delsoldato is an enthusiastic freshman from Otis who was wearing Carhartts, a yellow work hat with “BIG FELLA” written in Sharpie on the front and a new work belt.

“I love it here,” he said, looking proudly at the shed project. “This is the only class I look forward too.” He sees carpentry as the next step up from Mr. Heath’s woodworking class he took last year in eighth grade. “I really enjoyed wood shop, and I find this really fun and interesting.” He plans to do the four-year program, though he’s clear that he wants to be a fulltime firefighter when he graduates. “But I’d consider this as a side job.” His classmate Patrick Parmalee, on the other hand, is here because he wants to follow his dad into the building trades.

A bathroom vanity project by the wood tech class at Monument Mountain Regional High School. Photo: Sheela Clary

Making rafters and stairs would be the next logical challenges for this group, in the fall. Heath has already more than doubled his student numbers for the 2018–19 school year; five additional students, including two girls, have signed on.

The bell rang in the middle of siding the second wall and there were several groans. No one jumped up to leave. But fortunately they would, I was told, get to come back and pick up where they’d left off after lunch.

Rep. William “Smitty” Pignatelli, D-Lenox, is the brother of an electrician who earns more than he does. He wishes we would, as a society, “recognize there are kids who don’t need, can’t afford, and/or don’t want college.” He also wishes we could do away with the “dirty jobs” stigma once and for all. “The car mechanic of today is switching out computer parts.” He adds that, in all our community hand-wringing about the difficulty of attracting young families to move here, we’re ignoring the young people who have been here all along.

Smitty recently visited Mount Everett Regional High School in Sheffield with folks from Covestro (formerly Sheffield Plastics), who explained the jobs they have available for kids right out of high school or with an associate degree. After their presentation, Pignatelli asked the senior class, “Who wants to come back here to live in the Berkshires after college?”

No one raised a hand.

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8 Comments   Add Comment

  1. John says:

    Excellent! It really is so foolish that the “educators” removed the trades from education in the first place.

  2. Casey says:

    The Berkshires are in great need of journeysmen. Carpenters, plumbers electricians. Our choices of these people is dwindling. These crafted men are beginning to reach retirement. We are not training replacements. Schools are not encouraging students to drift to those careers. Instead they are trying to make their numbers look good by talking students into college. Many can’t afford it but go, come out with astronomical debt, only to not find a job in their intended career and thousands of dollars of debt. Vocational training is a must in our schools again. Have you tried to get a plumber recently? A carpenter or electrician? The average wait time is about 3-4 weeks!

    1. John says:

      Well said. The liberal “educators” always saw the trades as below them.

  3. Linden Woodturning says:

    So happy to see this returning to Lee High School. Now to put it back in rotation in the middle school too, and we will finally be making a return to normalcy. Some of my most treasured memories of school, and some of the most used lessons as well, came from my middle school shop classes. I wish shop class was offered to me as an option in high school too, but for some reason it wasn’t offered to students taking classes considered ‘college prep’ classes. Completely silly, but at least the classes were available. ANyway, so very happy to see them back, and I hope to see them expanded in the future.

  4. Diane Marr says:

    This is wonderful. I grew up in Westfield Massachusetts and there was and still is separate campus full day Vocational High School there. The students had a choice where they wanted to attend high school. I live in the southeast now, and Vocational High Schools do not exist. If you want to learn a trade, you have to graduate regular high school and then enroll in the local Community college to learn a trade part time and pay for it. This is ridiculous….trades are best learned at the high school level. The point is to graduate and “go to work”. The state of North Carolina is woefully lacking in this. South Carolina is the same. And one wonders why Massachusetts is in the top 3 best in education. Students are allowed to choose their career path and that is a good thing.

  5. Tam says:

    I feel they should include more Vocational trades in School,our society would benefit more,as Children all learn differently,

  6. Neel Webber says:

    The answer to why more trades are not present in our schools is a complicated answer. The reasons are many and evolved over decades. Lets start with testing. Tests demand that students have certain competency in writing, comprehension, science and math. Good skills to know, right? Well, it takes more time and money to get all students to that level where they can pass the test. How about technology? How many 13 yr olds can open a can with a manual can opener? How many kids build forts in the woods behind their house? Kids don’t make things when they play, mostly they are in front of a screen jabbing something with their thumbs. Then there is values and expectations of what we want our kids to do or be or earn…. from both parents and society..But that is a longer conversation. Certainly, many more factors contribute to this problem.

    Many years ago Monument Mountain Regional High School got rid of it’s metals program. Why? No one was signing up. No one. We tried to change the curriculum to entice more students, but it did not work. Why?… many students are interested in going to college and metals or other trade based classes are not required. They need AP classes, 4 years of science, 2-4 years of a world language, an extra year of Math, Computer classes and dare I mention Art classes. On top of that they want to get out of the building and take a class at BCC or gain experience through an internship. All great opportunities that are important and valuable, yet pull students away from learning trades.

    The old days of education are over. The skill set that is demanded on our students is larger and more dynamic.

    Don’t take this the wrong way, I am an educator and I am a big advocate of creating many more trade opportunities for our youth. I believe all students should have some sort of trade based experience and for those that are interested there should be opportunities for them to acquire advanced skills. Kudos to the educators and communities that created and maintain these programs at Lee and Monument.
    I think there is a supply and demand issue here and the solution with our decreasing student population, financially constrained community is not a simple one.

  7. Sally Haver says:

    I am thrilled to see the Berkshire community addressing the acquisition of hands-on skills for its teenagers and young adults. Not everyone, male or female, was meant to be an academician. Carpenters, electricians and plumbers make very good livings. More importantly, if you do something you love, it will never feel like work!!

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